Italy boasts many valuable monuments and architectural beauties, however the castles are actually among the many most evocative by way of appeal. Perched on majestic mountains, immersed in fairy-tale landscapes or lapped by the waters, castles and fortresses inform us long-gone tales, on the border between actuality and legend.
The fortresses are similar to castles, fortification works consisting of a wall of appreciable thickness and towers. Usually, they’re present in very suggestive villages or historic centres, locations that deliver pictures of princesses, knights and battles to thoughts. Right here beneath is the checklist of a number of the most fascinating ones.
Monteriggioni fortress, Tuscany
Because of its majesty and grandeur, the Monteriggioni fortress, within the province of Siena, has a pure vacationer vocation. Yearly, the truth is, over 70,000 guests go to admire the well-known Tuscan fort, which reveals itself in all its magnificence.
It’s no coincidence that one of the illustrious vacationers, who arrived from Florence, was so impressed that he devoted some verses to his most well-known work. We’re speaking about Dante, who was impressed by Monteriggioni for the large fixtures within the abyss of Malebolge, in Dante’s Hell.
Rocca Calascio, Abruzzo
Contained in the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga Nationwide Park, at 1460 m, stands the Rocca di Calascio, within the province of L’Aquila. The imposing medieval construction, all in-built white stone, is among the highest in Italy. Perched within the mountains, it overlooks the traditional village beneath, now uninhabited. Its undoubted appeal has made it an ideal setting for a number of movies, together with the unforgettable “Ladyhawke” and “The Identify of the Rose”, but additionally the latest “The American” with George Clooney.
Aragonese Fortress, Ischia island, Amalfi coast
It stands on an islet and is related via a masonry bridge to the traditional Borgo di Celsa, at the moment generally known as Ischia Ponte. Because of Alfonso V of Aragon, entry to the fort is feasible by way of a tunnel dug within the rock. Earlier than then, it may solely be accessed by the ocean. The tunnel, 400 meters lengthy, is illuminated by excessive skylights which on the time additionally acted as “seals” from which boiling oil, stones and different supplies have been thrown at any enemies. On this fort, in 1952, some scenes of the movie “The Crimson Pirate” have been shot with Burt Lancaster.
Scaliger Fortress, Garda Lake
It is among the most full and best-preserved castles in Italy. This fort, situated in Sirmione, is a uncommon instance of a lake fortification. The fort is bathed on all sides by the waters of Lake Garda. On one aspect there’s the dock, on the opposite the imposing preserve, with the cells meant for prisoners. The partitions and the three fundamental towers have dovetail battlements. It’s doable to entry the walkways and likewise attain the highest of the latter, in addition to benefit from the splendour of the dock. A tragic legend of affection needs Ebengardo’s soul to roam the fort looking for his Arice on stormy nights.
Castel del Monte, Puglia
It’s actually one of the mysterious in Italy, it’s a Thirteenth-century constructing constructed by Emperor Frederick II, close to the city of Andria. Its octagonal plan with an octagonal turret for every edge means that Castel del Monte was constructed in response to exact mathematical-astronomical geometries, in addition to taking into consideration quite a few symbolisms. It doesn’t have any moat or army architectural ingredient, it doesn’t reside in a strategic place, it has slim spiral staircases positively uncomfortable for defence and escape capabilities, loopholes too slim to throw arrows, and no stables. Its uncommon form additionally appears to recall that of a crown.
The castles within the Niccone Valley, Umbria/Tuscany border
11 miles lengthy, the place Tuscany meets Umbria, the Niccone valley owes its title to the Niccone stream, a tributary of the Tiber which is situated between Umbertide and Cortona. This lengthy, extensive and quiet valley is a widely known vacation vacation spot for selective travellers from everywhere in the world. Alongside the valley stand out the peaks of castles and a few ‘borghi’, in different phrases, fortified villages, constructed through the Center Ages. These constructions testify to the political and army rigidity by the Papal States for the growth of territorial neighbours.
The northern valley wall primarily resides in Tuscany from which, persevering with in direction of Umbria, it’s doable to see the exceptional ‘Castello di Pierle’ sitting on the most excessive western a part of this extensive valley. Constructed on the jap aspect of Mount Maestrino, the imposing fort dominates the fertile valley similar to an imposing eagle. Reaching the fort, its top seems virtually disproportionate to the modest dimension of the hill the place the fort is situated. Across the fort, there’s a small church and a few outdated homes the place a couple of folks reside in whole tranquillity along with some home animals.
The oldest fort in your complete valley is the Lisciano Fortress, courting again to the Ninth-Tenth century. Inbuilt 1202 by the Marquises of Monte, it was protected by Perugia after which returned beneath the Papal authorities in 1479. The fort was additionally owned by the Marquises of Sorbello. Sadly, just a few ruins are left of this fort at the moment.
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The Sorbello fort seems to be so totally different from the others as a result of it is among the only a few castles within the space that has Ghibelline traditions, as its crenellated towers reveal. The primitive bulk of this constructing dates again to the Tenth century, whereas the south aspect dates again to the twelfth century; in 1600 it underwent radical adjustments and first, it turned a consultant palace, then a villa as an alternative. Its historical past is carefully linked to the occasions of the Marquis de Bourbon of Monte S. Maria Tiberina. Contained in the fort, the noble residences are filled with magnificent ceilings and chests of drawers. Fascinating is the ready room, embellished with lovely Seventeenth-century work, and the throne room, the place the Regent dealt with justice.
The fort of Reschio is situated on the border between Perugia and Tuscany, within the municipality of Lisciano Niccone, on a hill about 3 kilometres from the general public street of the Niccone valley. Within the Center Ages, the fort was lengthy disputed by the Lords of Perugia, Florence and Città di Castello for its location and varied housing models. Situated inside a personal property, the fort grounds host a couple of luxurious villas out there for vacation leases.
Leaving Umbertide, in direction of the route of Città di Castello alongside the Tiberina 3Bis, on the left seems in the midst of the greenery, the fort of Montalto with its excessive tower. In historical instances this fort was a fortress of nice strategic significance for the defence of Fratta towards the expansionist targets of Città di Castello.
Daniela De Luca is CEO at Residence in Italy. Residence in Italy is a luxurious villa rental firm providing excessive finish vacation villa experiences all through the very best areas of Italy since 1993.