|The doorway to the Murugeeswarar Temple, Thaiyur|
I had been invited to go to the Murugeeswarar temple at Thaiyur by Kaushik, a long-time volunteer of the Aalayam Kanden Belief, about three years in the past. Nonetheless, because of private and COVID-19 conditions, the go to didn’t occur. Throughout this time, a few of my blogger colleagues had the chance to go to and write about this temple.
Typically, Aalayam Kanden focuses on temples that aren’t popularly featured. So when Mr Uma Magesh, who takes glorious care of the temple, invited me once more final week, I made a decision to go to, and make it part of the month-to-month Aalayam Kanden Belief exercise of distributing oil, ghee and vastrams at historic and lesser identified temples.Whereas there, a number of issues struck me in regards to the temple, that I needed to share my ideas by means of this weblog publish.
|Lord Muruga mounted on a peacock with bow and arrow in hand|
The sthalapuranam states that Lord Muruga had worshipped Lord Shiva right here earlier than continuing to Thiruporur to battle Tharakasura. There may be an outdated idol of Muruga positioned within the Mahamandapa of the temple, believed to be manufactured from sandstone. The legend says sandstone in Tamil was known as Thaijagam which gave the village its identify. A pillar on the entrance of the temple has the icon of Lord Muruga on a peacock, bow in hand, getting down to battle.
Literary and inscriptional references:
The fifteenth century literary work “Uththandan Kovai” offers a substantial amount of background about Thaiyur. This work comprising of round 450 songs on Uthandan, an area chieftain, belonging to the Kalappalan clan (Mudaliars from Aamur Kottam to which Thaiyur belonged) describes the village because it existed then. This work whose writer is but to be confirmed, has been collected in parts, in manuscript type, by numerous sources such because the Oriental Manuscript library, the U.V. Swaminatha Iyer library, the Institute of Asian Research and the descendants of Uththandan. These have been compiled to the extent potential by the Institute of Asian Research and a bilingual publication titled “Poetic Verses within the Inside Panorama” has been introduced out . The ebook brings forth numerous aspects of Thaiyur that are price mentioning, earlier than we glance intimately on the Murugeeswarar temple.
The phrase Thai (தை ) could possibly be used to indicate lovely, becoming a member of or stuffed with saplings. The Jatavarman Sundarapandiyan inscription on the Maragathavalli Ambal Shrine of the Murugeeswarar temple, describes the deity as Azhagiya Chokkanaar which most likely signifies that Thaiyur meant lovely village. Previous to the interval of Rajaraja I, Thaiyur had been referred to as “Thalasayanapuramaana Thaiyur”. Thalasayana refers back to the reclining Vishnu of Senganmal. Senganmal was part of Thaiyur till the fifteenth century earlier than it was seperated out as Irandaayiramvelipatru, and Thaiyur was labelled Ayiramvelipatru. We come to know this from the Senganmal temple mandapa inscriptions.
|Inscriptions on the base of the Murugeeswarar temple Thaiyur|
Six inscriptions discovered within the Nithyakalyana Perumal temple of Thiruvidanthai point out grants given by individuals of Thaiyur. Whereas three of them that belong to a interval previous to Rajaraja I, check with the phrase Thalasayanapuram, from the time of Rajaraja I it got here to be referred to as Jayamkonda Chola Mandalathu Aamoor Kottathu Aamoor Nattu Rajakesarinallur. In the course of the Vijayanagara Interval, Aamoor Nadu got here to be referred as Kumuzhi Nadu. Kumuzhi referring to a spot surrounded by water our bodies extending from ponds and lakes to the ocean. It’s in the course of the time of Veerapratapa Achutharaya (1536 CE) do we discover the point out of the phrase Thirumurugeeswara Nayanar which is the present identify that the deity is referred to. This inscription spreaks about grants given by an individual from Thiruvidanthai to the temple to restore it and perform worship.
Interval of the temple:
|The Chandikeswara on the Murugeeswarar temple, Thaiyur|
From among the deities akin to Ganesha and Chandikeswara current within the temple, we are able to derive the unique interval to be between the ninth and the tenth century CE. Majority of the present building dates between thirteenth and fifteenth Century CE with the exterior superstructure a traditional illustration of the Nayaka interval.
|Ganesha with the inscription “Sri Urumetru” on the Murugeeswara Temple, Thaiyur|
The oldest deities on the temple are the Ganesha discovered within the Mukha Mandapa and the Chandikeswara in his destined place. The Ganesha is discovered with out the same old pot stomach with a single line inscription on the base which reads “Sri Urumetru”. Dr Ramachandran, Senior Epigraphist, has interpreted this phrase as denoting heavy thunder. He states that this might most likely check with the Pallava title “Pagapidugu” and may belong to the later Pallava (Aparajitha or Kampavarma) interval. Nonetheless, he urges additional analysis into this.
|Lord Muruga believed to have been manufactured from sandstone|
There isn’t any point out in regards to the Muruga discovered within the Mukha Mandapa in any inscription to this point learn. His consorts are of a later interval, and there are different deities like Chandikeswara, Mahavishnu, Kasi Viswanatha and a goddess, most likely moved right here from one other temple, that was misplaced to time, positioned in a tableau round him. Analysis says that there was a Vishnu temple within the village that had change into dilapidated, and fearing invaders, the deities had been buried. Likelihood is that a few of them had been subsequently excavated and positioned right here. It additionally explains why there are three Murugas across the identical place.
|The pavilion round Lord Muruga on the Murugeeswarar temple, Thaiyur|
Lord Shiva is present in a phenomenal sanctum with typical Nayaka interval miniatures on both facet of the door jamb, together with a donor (talked about within the inscription) who’s lighting a Nanda Vilakku. The Artha Mandapa has the Ganga and Yamuna depiction, which might often be discovered whereas getting into the temple. The bronze Bhoga Shakthi of this temple has been moved out for secure holding, and a stone duplicate has been positioned at a later date throughout the sanctum. Other than the 2 inscriptions already talked about, a stand-alone stone inscription from 1565 CE of Thirumalai Deva Maharaya interval refers back to the deity as Thirumurugeeswaramudaiya Thambiraanaar. So it’s evident that from the Vijayanagara interval, the present identify has been in vogue.
|Lord Murugeeswarar of Thaiyur|
Goddess Maragathavalli Ambal is present in a seperate shrine, holding Pasa and Ankusha. The shrine appears to have been constructed/renovated in the course of the Pandya interval.
|Maragathavalli Ambal of Thaiyur|
The Koshta deities are all lovely and the depiction of varied mythological tales, akin to Kirata-Arjuna, Kannappa Nayanar and Vyagrapatha and Bheema have been proven within the exterior partitions in sequences.
|Vyagrapadha and Bheema episode on the Murugeeswara temple Thaiyur|
No matter is proven on the partitions within the Southern facet, goes up into the Naasikoodu (Alcoves) within the Northern facet, displaying that by worshipping God, a devotee can get non secular elevation. The vimana of the temple is a 3 tiered construction, extra like a Gopura.
|The vimana with the gorgeous Naasi Koodus|
The Kumbapancharas have playful monkeys jostling about with one another. There may be one other Ganesha shrine and a Subramania shrine within the circumambulatory path.
|Kumbapancharas displaying playful monkeys on the Murugeeswara Temple Thaiyur|
The temple has a phenomenal Nandavanam and Mr Uma Magesh has been taking particular efforts to develop a number of natural vegetation and bushes inside its campus. Mango tree is the sthalavriksham of the temple. He’s nobly supported by a very good workforce of volunteers from the close by flats who come each week, to wash the temple, clear the nandavanam and water the vegetation, wash vessels and garments. The temple even has a washer for this objective. It was a nice sight to see these extremely positioned women and men contribute their weekend in the direction of the maintenance of their neighbourhood temple. If solely many extra individuals come ahead to spend a few hours on the temples of their neighbourhood, each temple would look as clear and inexperienced as this one.
|The Nandavanam on the Murugeeswara Temple Thaiyur|
Whereas all that is considerable, the whitewashing of the outside partitions is an eyesore. The nuances of the sculptures in addition to the inscriptions are hidden inside. If the temple will get assist from volunteers to clear this with out harm, it might restore the unique look and identification.
Different temples within the neighborhood:
Two different Shiva temples – the Mareeswarar temple and the Jalagandeeswar temple are discovered near the Murugeeswarar temple. Two Ganesha temples, one constructed by Uthandan, subsequent to the place his palace was, and one other of a later interval are additionally discovered.
Tips on how to attain right here:
Thaiyur is located about 12 kilometres from Mamallapuram and three kilometres from Kelambakkam on the Outdated Mahabalipuram Street in Chennai. As soon as a really fertile agricultural village, surrounded by Thaigai hill (immediately’s Pudhupakkam), tanks, ponds, lake and the ocean, immediately is a part of the IT hall. The GPS coordinates of the temple are: 12.7780677,80.1913894
The temple is open between 7.30 am and 9.30 am within the morning and 6 pm to eight pm within the night
Mr Uma Magesh – 9940126814